Chun Yu
 T of C 
Home
My
Work
Hand-
books
Qin as
Object
Qin in
Art
Poetry
/ Song
Hear,
Watch
Play
Qin
Analysis History Ideo-
logy
Miscel-
lanea
More
Info
Personal email me search me
WSQP   ToC 五線譜 transcription   首頁
01. Spring Rain
- gong mode (5 6 1 2 3 5 6 ) 2
春雨1
Chun Yu  
   
This melody, the first of
five surviving from Wusheng Qinpu (1453), is generally said to have been created by the handbook's author/compiler, the Lazy Immortal. However, there is no commentary accompanying the present tablature. And in fact, the only one with commentary (#3 Xian Shan Yue) claims to be an old melody. And in addition there some internal evidence suggesting that perhaps the present melody was copied from earlier tablature.4

Since the handbook itself has no commentary, here one must look for its inspiration from poetic and literary references (sources) such as the following:

  1. 莊子,外物 Zhuangzi, External Matters; Chapter 26/10. (Original text in ctext: What comes from without.)"

    春雨日時,草木怒生,銚鎒於是乎始修,草木之到植者過半,而不知其然。
    In spring, when the rain and the sunshine come seasonably, vegetation grows luxuriantly, and sickles and hoes begin to be prepared. More than half of what had fallen down becomes straight, and we do not know how.
    Translation in ctext is from Legge.

  2. 杜甫,江雨有懷鄭典設 "River Rain, I Have Thoughts of Zheng of the Household Affairs Service", a poem by Du Fu (712 - 770).

    春雨暗暗塞峽中,早晚來自楚王宮。
    亂波分披已打岸,弱雲狼藉不禁風。
    寵光蕙葉與多碧,點注桃花舒小紅。
    谷口子真正憶汝,岸高瀼滑限西東。

    Translation by Stephen Owen (The Poetry of Du Fu, De Gruyter, 2016; 18.63) (Google Books):

    Spring rain darkens everything, blocking the space within the gorges
        sooner or later it comes from the Chu king’s palace.
    Wild waves spread everywhere already beating the shore,
        Pliant clouds in wild disarray do not resist the wind.
    Its favor shines on the basil leaves, making them very green,
        in drops it pours on the peach blossoms spreading their small pinks.
    My Zheng Zizhen of Valley Mouth, at this moment I think back on you,
        the bank is high and the Rang is slippery, east to west movement is blocked.

  3. 陸游,春雨三首(七言律詩)Three Spring Rain poems by Lu You (1125-1210):

    其一
    狼藉殘花滿地紅,擁衾孤夢雨聲中。
    人生十事九堪嘆,春色三分二已空。
    但有老盆傾濁酒,不辭衰鬢對青銅。
    長貧博得身强健,久矣無心咎化工。

    其二
    藥爐茶竈淡生涯,聽雨猶能惜物華。
    蘸岸頓添三尺水,沾泥不貸一城花。
    閑摩病眼開書卷,時傍危欄弄釣車。
    稚子孤行八千里,喜聞炊熟可還家。

    其三
    自笑平生懶是真,閉門高枕動兼旬。
    海棠千片已隨水,杜宇一聲無復春。
    綠酒盈樽足忘老,朱櫻上市正嘗新。
    今朝雨止通溪路,又向沙頭岸幅巾。

    Translations not yet found.

  4. 劉基,春雨三絕句 Three Spring Rain poems by Liu Ji (1311-1375):

    其一
    春雨和風細細來,園林取次發枯荄。
    古牆芳草無生處,一滴還成一點苔。

    其二
    翠麥黃花爛熳春,蒼顏皓首別離人。
    相看一笑渾成夢,又見汀洲老白蘋。

    其三
    一雨如膏五日泥,長煙不散草萋萋。
    殷勤分付牆邊柳,為搗流鶯自在啼。

    Translations not yet found.

 

Original Preface
None

 
Music (transcription)
Eleven Sections (untitled)

 
Footnotes (Shorthand references are explained on a separate page)

1. Spring Rain (春雨 chun yu) references
References (see 14146.146 and 5/643) are discussed above. 14146.146 also adds a later reference, saying chun yu is a 曲名 song name, giving a quote from 蘇曼殊 Su Manshu (1884-1918).
(Return)

2. Gong mode (宮調 gong diao)
For more on this mode see Shenpin Gong Yi. My analysis of the mode here is incomplete, but so far it seems quite idiosyncratic, with many non-pentatonic notes, perhaps due to the tonal center often shifting from the note gong (do, 1) to the note zhi (sol, 5).
(Return)

4. Copied from earlier tablature?
For example, although at the beginning of Section 1 the term 對起 dui qi is used for a specific left hand finger technique, the melody later uses for this the older term 對按 dui an (further comment.
(Return)

 
Return to the Wusheng Qinpu ToC or to the Guqin ToC.