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TGYY  ToC   /   1525 version   /   Trace all Listen to my recording with transcription   首頁
30. Boya Mourns Ziqi
- Standard tuning:2 5 6 1 2 3 5 6 played as 1 2 4 5 6 1 2
伯牙吊子期 1
Boya Diao Ziqi
  Like Dai Kui?3 
In Taigu Yiyin and the virtually identical Fengxuan Xuanpin (1539) this is a short, simple melody. In all there are five surviving versions under this title. Four are closely related to the present version,4 but I originally learned the one from Xilutang Qintong (1525), which I found more interesting musically (as a rule I almost always learn the earliest published version of any melody). The present version, though quite a bit simpler than the one from 1525, also has its own charm, especially if sung.

For further commentary on this story see the biography of Boya as well as the introduction of Boya Diao Ziqi in Xilutang Qintong (1525). For other melodies connected to Boya see the preceding melody in the present handbook, Ting Qin Fu, which also has Boya working in Changzhou. The most famous melodies associated with him are Gao Shan and Liu Shui, both of them included in Shen Qi Mi Pu.

 
Original preface 5

As for this melody, Boya having completed his first official responsibilities (in office) at Changzhou, he again followed the path to the old place (where he had met) Ziqi, but Ziqi had already passed away. Boya could not overcome his grief, so he prepared a sacrifice at graveside to honor him, and because in the world there were no people who really understood music he created this melody. Hence he destroyed his qin, cut off the strings, and never played again.

Translation tentative.

 
Music and Lyrics 6 (聽錄音 listen to my my recording [01.51] with transcription)
One section, with a largely syllabic setting, following the irregular pattern of the lyrics, which go 5+5, 5+7, 7, 7+7, 7+7, 5+6 (last 6 are harmonics).

長憶去年春,江上相逢君。
Chang ji qu nian chun, jiang shang xiang feng jun.
Longtime memories of last year in spring,
        along the river meeting a gentleman.

今日到江濱,不見知音空見墳。
Jin ri dao jiang bin, bu jian zhi yin kong jian fen.
Now when I come to the river's edge,
        I don't see my soulmate, just with an empty feeling see his grave.

傷心,傷心,復傷心!傷心不忍淚如傾,
Shang xin, shangxin, fu shang xin! Shang xin bu ren lei ru qing.
Heartbreak, heartbreak, more heartbreak,
        Such heartbreak that I cannot bear, and crying I seem to collapse.

江漢為我生愁雲,一杯綠蟻奠芳草,
Jiang Han wei wo sheng chou yun, yi bei lü yi dian fang cao.
The Yangzi and Han Rivers just make my life seem like gloomy clouds
        and a cup of of Blue Ant (wine) I give in libation with fragrant herbs.

泉下悠悠聞不聞,從此少知音!
Quan bu you you wen bu wen, cong ci shao zhi yin.
Like a spring flows misery, whether heard or unheard,
        From now on very few soul mates.

嘆人生再會難!
Tan ren sheng zai hui nan.
And I sigh that in a person's life meeting again is difficult.

(Translation tentative; for Blue Ant wine see 28209.408)

 
Footnotes (Shorthand references are explained on a separate page)

1. Boya Diao Ziqi 伯牙吊子期
See 1525
(Return)

2. Tuning and mode
Taigu Yiyin does not organize pieces by mode.
(Return)

3. 斲琴圖 (Dai Kui) Breaking his Qin
Dai Kui destroyed his qin for a different reason.
(Return)

4. Tracing Boya Diao Ziqi
See tracing chart under 1525.
(Return)

5. Original Preface
The original preface is as follows,

按是曲,伯牙以常州守任滿,再經子期舊處,而子期已無故。伯牙不勝凄惋,乃備牲醴於墓間奠之,為世無知音而成此操。自是破琴,絕絃,不後彈矣。

Translation tentative.
(Return)

6. Original lyrics
Without the translation these are as follows:

長憶去年春,江上相逢君。     (online someone wrote 長記去年春?)
今日到江濱,不見知音空見墳。
傷心,傷心,復傷心!傷心不忍淚如傾,       (extra 傷心 ?)
江漢為我生愁雲,一杯綠蟻奠芳草,       (蟻 elsewhere 酏)
泉下悠悠聞不聞,從此少知音!       (下 elsewhere 不)
嘆人生再會難!
(Return)

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