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Faming Qinpu
Qin Handbook of Revelations 2
By Huang Longshan3 of Yiyang,4 
 
發明琴譜 1
1530  
Faming Qinpu: How to put on strings  
Is this Huang Longshan himself? 5    
This handbook has 25 melodies, 16 with lyrics, nine without. The nine instrumental melodies are all copies from earlier publications; the 16 songs are mostly related to earlier publications: four have new titles, but one of these (Qiu Jiang Wan Diao) is related to earlier songs with different titles. Thus the handbook actually has the earliest surviving versions of only three melodies.

As for the four melodies that survive first in Faming Qinpu, I have transcribed all of them, but one (Sheng De Song) I have not yet recorded. The four are:6

  1. Qiujiang Wan Diao (Autumn River Evening Fishing; related to earlier Spring River melodies!)
  2. Sheng De Song (Hymn of Grand Moral Virtue)
  3. Yangguan Sandie (Thrice Parting for Yangguan, earliest short version)
  4. Shiba Xueshi Deng Yingzhou (18 Scholars ascend Yingzhou)

For further information about Faming Qinpu see:

 
Footnotes (Shorthand references are explained on a separate page)

1. Faming Qinpu References
    23178.64 發明 faming: name of a spirit bird;
    in Shi Ji 68, "reveal";
    in science, to come to an important understanding.

The full name of this handbook in QQJC is 新刊發明琴譜 Xinkan Faming Qinpu (Newly Engraved Faming Qinpu).
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2. Alternate translation: Qin Handbook for Spreading Clarity
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3. Huang Longshan 黃龍山
48904.xxx His preface says it was, "弋陽黃龍山育金陵精舍謹書 Respectfully written by Huang Longshan of Yiyang (in Jiangxi province, see below) while living in a pleasant hut in Jinling" (Nanjing). Many handbooks were compiled around this time in Nanjing, and it is not clear whether his style originated there or it was something he brought there with him. See QSCB, Chapter 7 and further comments.

Hsu Wenying, p. 224, mentions a 李開先發明琴譜 Faming Qinpu by Li Kaixian (1502 - 1568), one of the "eight great scholars" during the Jiaqing reign (1522 - 67), noted for his connection to opera. Her reference is Li Kaixian's Ming biography, but she does not say specifically that it says he wrote a Faming Qinpu. The only specific such reference I have seen is the listing Li Kaixian Faming Qinpu in Qianqingtang Shumu.
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4. Another Jiangxi province handbook
弋陽 Yiyang is a town in Jiangxi province about 100 miles east of 南昌 Nanchang, where Shen Qi Mi Pu (1425) was compiled. It is about the same distance south of Huangshan, where Taigu Yiyin (1511) was compiled. Yiyang is on the 信江 Xin River, which flows west into Poyang Lake. The river is fed in part by streams coming down from 武夷山 Wuyi Shan to the south. The preface was "respectfully written while lodging at a pleasant hut in Nanjing".
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5. From Folio I, the second folio page, of Faming Qinpu; QQJC I/213
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6. Progress report on reconstructing these four Faming Qinpu melodies
For melodies with lyrics I am particularly tentative in my reconsruction if I have not yet translated the lyrics. For the three I have recorded:

  1. Yang Guan San Die: the lyrics are translated, and I sing them in my recording.
  2. Qiu Jiang Wandiao: the translation of the lyrics is not complete and I do not sing them in the recording.
  3. Shiba Xueshi Deng Yingzhou: the translation of the lyrics is not complete and I play the melody much too fast for them to be sung in the recording.

For Sheng De Song I have not finished translating the lyrics; I am also not yet sufficiently satisfied with my note values to try to record it.
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