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Wugang Qinpu
Wood Ridge Handbook, compiled by Huang Xian
梧岡琴譜 1
黃獻輯, 1546 2

Table of Contents 3

  --  Chen Jing preface (I/397)
  --  Contents (I/398)
  --  General qin glossary (63 techniqes w/their symbols)
  --  Right hand fingerings (20 terms briefly explained)
  --  Left hand fingerings (23 terms briefly explained

    (Gong Mode)

  1. Shenpin Gong Yi (Celestial Air defining Gong [mode]; QPZC #3; I/401)
    (Differs from 1425)

  2. Meihua Yin (10*; Prelude to "Plum Blossom"; QPZC #4; I/401)
    Also called Meihua Sannong
    (Quite different from 1425 [and from QPZC #2])

  3. Yang Chun (13; Bright Spring; QPZC #5; I/404)
    神品宮曲,卽龍門桃浪引 Shenpin Gong melody; same as Longmen Taolang Yin
    (Melody related to 1525)

  4. Qingdu Yin (10; Clear City Prelude; QPZC #18; I/406)
    "Shenpin Gong melody; also called Guanghan You (QPZC #51); by (Mao) Minzhong
    Piaoweng edited it and Old Qiushan further revised it" (from 1425)

    (Gushang Mode)

  5. Shenpin Gushang Yi (Celestial Air Defining Old-Shang [mode]; QPZC #24; I/408)
    (from 1425)

  6. 奇品商意 Qipin Shang Yi (Marvelous Piece Defining Shang [mode]QPZC, [#25]; I/408)
    (Only here and QPZC)

  7. Yasheng Cao (7; Proximate Sage Melody; QPZC #26; I/408)
    Also called Yan Hui (from 1511 [but shorter])

  8. Bai Xue (9; White Snow; QPZC #27; I/409)
    (from 1425 [two sections divided differently])

  9. Chang Qing (9*; Long Clarity; QPZC #19; I/411)
    "The first of Xi Kang's Four Melodies. It was especially 曉翁 Xiaoweng who grasped its meaning"; (from 1425)

  10. Yi Lan (11; Esteemed Orchid; QPZC #20; I/413)
    This melody is one that 超出 excels among celestial airs (from 1425)

  11. He Ming Jiugao (10*; Cranes Cry in the Nine Bends of the Marsh; QPZC #6; I/416)
    (See #8; quite different from 1425; usually included with shang mode pieces)

  12. Yuan He Shuang Qing (9*; Paired Clarity of Ape and Crane; QPZC #7; I/418)
    (Usually included with shang mode pieces; related to 1511)

    (Shang Mode [No modal prelude])

  13. Gui Qu Lai Ci (6L; Come Away Home Poem; QPZC #9; I/421)
    Shang mode (same lyrics but completely different melody from 1511)

  14. Yikuang Yin (3; Calmly Expansive Chant; QPZC #10; I/423)
    神品即懷古吟商調 Celestial Air; same as Huai Gu Yin (1525); shang mode
    (This is the second known publication after 1525; see chart under the 1525 Huai Gu Yin)

    (Jiao Mode)

  15. Jiao Yi (Defining Jiao [mode]; QPZC #11; I/424)
    (similar to 1425 SPJY)

  16. Yu Feng Xing (8; Ride the Wind Action; QPZC #12; I/424)
    神品角曲 Shenpin Jiao Melody; by Mao Minzhong (like Liezi Yu Feng)

    Shangjiao Mode

  17. Shangjiao Yi (Defining Shangjiao [mode]; QPZC #13; I/426)
    (from 1425)

  18. Zhuang Zhou Meng Die (8; Zhuangzi's Butterfly Dream; QPZC #14; I/426)
    Shangjiao melody (from 1425)

    (Zhi Mode)

  19. Shenpin Zhi Yi (Celestial Air Defining Zhi [mode]; QPZC #15; I/428)
    (see also #15; from 1425)

  20. Wen Wang Cao (8; Wen Wang's Melody; QPZC #22; I/428)
    "the same as the melody Wen Wang Si Shi"
    (this is the title of 1561 #16, which is a different version of the same melody; from <1491)

  21. Guan Ju (8; Osprey Cries; QPZC #57; I/430)
    Zhi melody (see also #52; from <1491)

  22. Yu Hui Tushan (12; Emperor Yu's Meeting at Mount Tu; QPZC #58; I/431)
    Also called 上國琯光 Shan'guo Guan'guang (from 1425)

  23. Qiao Ge (11; Song of the Woodcutter; QPZC #59; I/434)
    Shenpin Zhi melody; by (Mao) Minzhong; also called Return to Woodcutting (歸樵 Gui Qiao);
    from 屢訂本 an often edited volume by the two old men Qiushan and Xiaoshan
    (from 1425 [small changes])

  24. Yu Ge (10*; Song of the Fisherman; QPZC #60; I/436)
    Same as 山水綠 Shanshui Lü; 歲庚戌九月梅雪窩刪製 1370 (1430?), 9th month, Meixuewo revision
    (Earliest? See 1525)

    Yu Mode

  25. He Wu Dongtian (3; Cranes Dance in Paradise; QPZC #28; I/439)
    Shenpin Yu Yi; said to be in Zixiadong Pu; Xiaoweng 詳刪 examined and edited it
    (Second version, after 1525)

  26. Shenpin Yu Yi (Celestial Air Defining Yu [mode]; QPZC #29; I/440)
    (from 1425)

  27. Zhi Zhao Fei (13; Pheasants Fly in the Morning; QPZC #30; I/440)
    妙品 Beautiful melody; yu mode (from 1425)

  28. Pei Lan (13; Fragrant Orchid; QPZC #31; I/443)
    Celestial air; yu melody (from 1539)

  29. Wu Ye Ti (9 [7*]; Crows Cry at Night; QPZC #32; I/446)
    Shenpin Yu melody (from 1425 [small differences])

    Fugu Mode 復古調

  30. Fugu Diao (Reviving-Ancient-Customs Tone; QPZC #33; I/448)
    緊五慢一各一暉(徽),即世之無射絃也。止用五絃,不用少宮、少商二絃。
    Tighten fifth (string), slacken first, each one position; same as todays's wuyi tuning. Use only five strings: don't use strings 6 and 7 (except in 1597).
    Second of 8 (after 1525), including Fugu Diao, Shenpin Fugu Yi, Fugu Yi Fugu Diao Kao.
    All tuned 1 3 5 6 1 and all precede a Nan Feng Chang except 1590 [which does not have it; see next for name change in 1525];
    also see five string melodies and Emperor Shun)

  31. Nan Feng Chang (8; Southern Winds Rhapsody; QPZC #34; I/448)
    "舊名思親操,一名重華引。復古神品曲。舜彈五絃之琴,歌南風之詩
    Old name Si Qin Cao; also called Chonghua Yin. A fugu celestial air; Shun played a 5-string qin and sang Southern Wind lyrics."
    (Melody almost same as that of Yu Shun Si Qin (1525), omitting its section 5 with lyrics; no musical relation to 1511 or 1525 Si Qin)

    Huangzhong Mode

  32. Huangzhong Yi (Defining Yellow Bell [mode]; QPZC #35; I/450)
    緊五慢一,卽無射絃也 Tighten fifth, lower first; same as Wu Yi string (should be 調 mode)
    (1 3 5 6 1 2 3 ; see 1425)

  33. Zhaojun Yin (8*; Prelude of [Wang] Zhaojun; QPZC #36; I/450)
    Yellow Bell Melody (= Zhaojun Yuan aka Longshuo Cao [almost same])

    Qiliang Mode

  34. Shenpin Qiliang Yi (Celestial Air Defining Qiliang [mode]; QPZC #37; I/452)
    Same as Chushang Yi: tighten 2nd and 5th strings one step
    (tuning 2 4 5 6 1 2 3 ; see 1425)

  35. Chu Ge (9*; Song of Chu; QPZC #38; I/452)
    凄凉曲 Qiliang melody (from 1425, but seems closer to 1539)

  36. Qu Yuan Wen Du (6; Qu Yuan Asks the Ferry[man]; QPZC #40; I/454)
    凄凉調 Qiliang tune (from <1491 [many diff.]; see also previous)

    Ruibin Mode

  37. Shenpin Ruibin Yi (Defining Ruibin [mode]; QPZC #41; I/455)
    Tighten the fifth string one step (from 1425)

  38. Xiao Xiang Shui Yun (10; Water and Clouds on the Xiao and Xiang; QPZC #42; I/455)
    Shenpin Ruibin melody, by Guo Chuwang (see also #56; from 1425)

    Qingshang Mode

  39. Miaopin Qingshang Yi (Beautiful Air in Qingshang Mode; QPZC #45; I/458)
    Tighten 2nd, 5th and 7th strings one step (tuning 6 1 2 3 5 6 1 )
    (Only here, QPZC and 1589, but music is like 1525 Jiazhong Yi and 1551, Guxian Yi)

  40. Shenpin Guxian Yi (Celestial Air Defining Guxian Mode; QPZC #46; I/458)
    (same tuning as #45; from 1425 [very similar])

  41. Feiming Yin (3; Chant of Calling Out While Flying; QPZC #47; I/458)
    (from 1425 [quite close])

  42. Qiu Hong (36*; Autumn Geese; QPZC #48; I/459)
    Tablature of Guo Chuwang; all the Xu masters 訂潤 revised and adorned it; qingshang melody
    (from 1425 [quite close], but no mention of Zhu Quan)

  --    Afterword by Huang Xian (I/465)
         Discusses his Xumen background

 
 
Footnotes (Shorthand references are explained on a separate page)

1. In Qinqu Jicheng, I, pp.397 - 465
(Return)

2. Huang Xian (1485 - 1561), a eunuch, is discussed in Xu Jian, Qinshi Chubian, Chapter 7.A.
(Return)

3. The 29 melodies and other parts of Qinpu Zhengchuan (see its ToC) not in Wugang Qinpu are as follows:

  --  He Jian preface
  --  Depictions: putting on strings / carrying the qin
  --  Depictions: finger techniques (333 pairs with associated poetic images)
  --  General qin glossary (63 terms w/their symbols [same as Wugang Qinpu])
  --  Essential study reporting in detail the qin symbols (51 right hand/32 left-hand techniques, many repeated from previous section;
28 non-standard tunings; 8 general symbols. Compare Fengxuan Xuanpin.)
  --  Required knowledge for qin play / Instructing beginners / Qin playing techniques
  --  Extra essay (by [Yang] Peiyan, dated 1561)

 
Folio One:

    Meihua essay and lyrics
    Yang Chun essay and lyrics

    (Gong Mode)

  1. 孤芳吟 Gufang Yin (3; Intonation on the Virtue of Solitude)
    "Shenpin Gong Yi"; (first of three:
    1551 and 1559 have commentary; not in 1546: see 1561 #1

  2. Meihua Sannong (12*; Three Playings of "Plum Blossom")
    (Quite different from #4 and from
    1425; not in 1546: see 1561 #2)

     
    Folio Two:

    Wenjun Cao lyrics
    Nanfeng Ge lyrics
    Daiyi Qu lyrics
    Zhengzi Ge lyrics
    Lüshuang Cao lyrics
    Loushi Ming lyrics
    Xiangfei Yuan lyrics

  3. He Ming Jiugao (9*L; Cranes Cry in the Nine Bends of the Marsh)
    (See #6; quite different from
    1425; usually included with shang mode pieces; not in 1546: see 1561 #8

    (Shang Mode)

  4. Zhi Yi (Defining Zhi [mode])
    (See also #21; from
    1425; not in 1546: see 1561 #15

  5. Wen Wang Cao (10; Wen Wang's Melody)
    (Another version is #22; from
    <1491; not in 1546: see 1561 #16

  6. Shishang Liu Quan (6; The Spring Flows over the Rocks)
    (See
    1525; not in 1546: see 1561 #17

     
    Folio Three:

    Zhaojun essay and lyrics

  7. Bin Feng Ge (20; Song of Bin Customs)
    (Second of 15: see
    Geng Ge [Ploughing Song]; not in 1546: see 1561 #23

     
    Folio Four:

    Yangguan lyrics
    Feng Ru Song lyrics

  8. 弔屈原 Diao Qu Yuan (10; Mourning for Qu Yuan)
    (Related to
    <1491; see also next; not in 1546: see 1561 #39

  9. 斷金吟 Duan Jin Yin (3; Breaking-off-from-Gold Chant)
    (18/176/--; only here and the versions in
    Taiyin Chuanxi and Taiyin Buyi; not in 1546: see 1561 #43

  10. Gujiao Xing (13; Old-Acquaintance Behavior)
    (earliest is the
    1539 version; not in 1546: see 1561 #44

  11. Kechuang Yehua (8; Night Words at the Guest Window)
    (from
    1511; not in 1546: see 1561 #49

  12. Qingxu Yin (3; Chant of Clear Emptiness)
    ( =
    Xuan Mo; not in 1546: see 1561 #50

     
    Folio Five:

    Qiao Ge lyrics

  13. Guanghan You (10; Wandering in the Broad Coolness)
    (see also #18, Qingdu Yin; from
    1425; not in 1546: see 1561 #51

  14. Guan Ju (7; Osprey Cries)
    Yu Yi (see also #57; from
    <1491; not in 1546: see 1561 #52

  15. Zepan Yin (4*; Chant from a Marshbank)
    (Qiliang mode; from
    1425; not in 1546: see 1561 #53

  16. Li Sao (18*; Falling into Grief)
    (Qiliang mode; from
    1425; not in 1546: see 1561 #54

  17. Jiuyi Yin (3; Jiuyi [Nine Doubts Mountain, in Hunan] Chant)
    (from
    Fan Canglang; not in 1546: see 1561 #55

  18. Xiao Xiang Shui Yun (10; Water and Clouds on the Xiao and Xiang)
    (see also #42; from
    1425; not in 1546: see 1561 #56

     
    Folio Six:

    Xue Chuang Ye Hua lyrics

  19. Chumu Yin (4; Shepherd's Chant)
    (An abbreviated version of
    Yin De; not in 1546: see 1561 #61

  20. 牧歌 Mu Ge (18; Shepherd's Song)
    (Zha 18/177/-- : first of 13 pu; not in 1546: see 1561
    #62

  21. Feng Lei Yin (8; Wind and Thunder Prelude)
    (from
    1525; not in 1546: see 1561 #63

  22. Chun Jiang (8; Spring River)
    (Related to but expanded from the earliest 春江曲
    Chunjiang Qu; not in 1546: see 1561 #64

  23. 盡善吟 Jin Shan Yin (2; Intonation on the Perfectly Good)
    (18/--/-- has only two, but it is musically related to Wang Ji; not in 1546: see 1561 #65

  24. 簫韶九成,鳳凰來儀 Xiaoshao Jiucheng, Fenghuang Laiyi (23; Panpipes Play Shao Nine Times, and Phoenixes Attend)
    (Zha 18/177/-- first of five pu. Also: Fenghuang Laiyi and 神鳳引 Shenfeng Yin; more under
    Shun; not in 1546: see 1561 #66

  25. 清夜聞鍾 Qing Ye Wen Zhong (7; On a Clear Evening Hearing a Bell)
    Also called Weeping Unicorn and Sad Phoenix (17613.25 泣麟悲風 Qilin Bei Feng: The Moon and the Zither, p.273
    18003.183 [also 西廂記 quote]; Zha 18/178/--; first of 15 pu
    The earliest prelude has a story like that of
    Huolin Cao; not in 1546: see 1561 #67

  26. 扣角歌 Kou Jiao Ge (8; Knock Horns Song)
    (18/178/--; first of 7; not in 1546: see 1561
    #68

  27. 秋風 Qiu Feng (12; Autumn Wind)
    (18/178/--; three tablatures: here,
    1525 and 1559; not in 1546: see 1561 #69

  28. Goudeng Yin (3; Cage-Lantern Chant?)
    (Like
    Tianfeng Huanpei; not in 1546: see 1561 #70

  29. Xue Chuang Ye Hua (10; Evening Talk by a Snowy Window)
    (from
    1539; not in 1546: see 1561 #71
    (Return)
 
Return to the Qinpu Zhengchuan intro, to the annotated handbook list or to the Guqin ToC.