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Xingzhuang Taiyin Xupu
Great Sounds Continuation from Apricot Village 1

As explained in the preface by Zha Fuxi, this handbook was compiled by Xiao Luan (1487 - after 1561)3, who had traveled through Wu and Yue (the area from Jiangsu to Zhejiang) acquiring "Xiaoshao" 4 melodies in the repertoire of the Cao and Bao families5 bestowed. Apparently he also created several qin pieces himself. His repertoire was published in two handbooks, Taiyin Buyi and the present handbook.

Taiyin Xupu altogether has 38 titles, none with lyrics. These 38 titles consist of 19 regular pieces, each preceded by an yin (intonation). Titles of all of the 19 intonations appear here for the first time (though #17 Kaigu Yin is related to the earlier Kai Gu), but at least seven of these are in fact versions of melodies published earlier under different names, usually in Shen Qi Mi Pu.

As for the 19 regular pieces, the titles of 13 of these appear here for the first time, but there is also new melody for one of the old titles (You Lan). These 14 are as follows:

  1.   #2 Xiaoshao Jiucheng Fenghuang Laiyi; 1st of 5
  2.   #4 Geng Ge; 1st of 14
  3.   #6 Mu Ge; 1st of 13
  4.   #8 Qi Lin Bei Feng; 1st of 15
  5. #10 Qiu Feng; 1st of 4
  6. #12 Kou Jiao Ge; 1st of 8
  7. #18 Yu Qiao Wenda; 1st of over 35 publications (only melody here that is still popular today)

  8. #22 You Lan; only here; unrelated to earlier melodies of this title
  9. #26 Yu Dou; only here
  10. #30 Shichuang Zhenyi; only here
  11. #32 Tian Wen; only here
  12. #34 Di Li; only here
  13. #36 Ren Wu; only here
  14. #38 Wu Lei; only here

The other five regular pieces, #14, #16, #20, #24, #28, were all published earlier. As for the preludes, although all are new as preludes, #3 also appeared once later, while #21 and #23 were published earlier as regular melodies with different names.

In sum, more than half of the 38 titles Taiyin Xupu present melodies that seem to appear here for the first time: 12 intonations and 14 regular pieces. Of the regular melodies, all of those up through #18 were also published later, whereas none of those after #18 was published later.

Further details:

Unlike with Taiyin Buyi, only six intonations have three sections. Others seem more like modal preludes.

Jin Shan Yin is closely related to the Wang Ji in Shen Qi Mi Pu (1425)
Chumu Yin is almost identical to Yin De (1425)
Youshi Yin is almost identical to the Chun Xiao Yin of 1525
Gou Deng Yin is almost identical to the Tianfeng Huanpei of 1425
Kaigu Yin is the same as the 1425 Kai Gu except that the middle section is missing
Jiuwan Yin is the same as the complete 1425 Kai Gu
Zhi Ji Yin is almost identical to Yin De (1425), but with a central section missing

The above statistics assume that Taiyin Xupu was published earlier (1559) than Qinpu Zhengchuan (1561). However, the closeness of publication dates and relationship of the melodies in the two handbooks needs further examination. For example, melodies in Taiyin Xupu are all identical to melodies that have the same titles in Qinpu Zhengchuan:

Jinshan Yin (? Missing)
Xiaoshao Jiucheng Fenghuang Laiyi,
Chumu Yin
Mu Ge,
Qiu Feng,
Kou Jiao Ge,
Goudeng Yin,
Xue Chuang Yehua,
Shishang Liu Quan,
On the other hand, there are at least two melodies in Taiyin Xupu that have different titles in Qinpu Zhengchuan. In these two cases the melodies are also somewhat different:

Qi Lin Bei Feng and Qingye Wen Zhong
Geng Ge and Bin Feng Ge

Footnotes (Shorthand references are explained on a separate page)

1. 杏莊太音續譜 Xingzhuang Taiyin Xupu and 杏莊老人 Xingzhuang laoren
14820.29 杏莊 has xingzhuang only as the nickname of a Qing dynasty person. Here it is the nickname of Xiao Luan, the qin master whose repertoire is covered in this handbook as well as in Xingzhuang Taiyin Buyi; the two were (later?) bound together.

3. 蕭鸞 Xiao Luan
He also compiled #19 Taiyin Buyi and was connected in some way to #18 Taiyin Chuanxi.

4. 27100.13, Xiaoshao Jiucheng, "a very famous early song title" (see in Toc). (Mathews says "ancient panpipe").

5. 曹 Cao and 鮑 Bao; no further information; see the comment at the top of the ToC: Taiyin Xupu includes 10 melodies from the section of Qinpu Zhengchuan which seems to have melodies of 宋仕 the Song family.

Return to the annotated handbook list or to the Guqin ToC.