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Handbook List   Table of Contents   /   Earliest Yan Luo Pingsha, 首頁
Guyin Zhengzong
Orthodox School of Ancient Sounds 1
 
古音正宗
1634
a Luwang "zhonghe" style qin 2            
This handbook was compiled by (Prince) "The honor one-ness Taoist of Lu", Zhu Changfang, also famous for making qins.3 They generally have the same style as the one in the image at right.

In 7 folios, this handbook has 50 melodies, 5 with lyrics. Although as a prince Zhu Changfang apparently had old tablature that might have been copied here, I have not yet found that any of the melodies here has an identical copy in an earlier handbook. At least 14 melodies seem to have their earliest known printing, as follows (several are melodically unrelated versions of older titles; details from the linked 1634 Table of Contents):

  1. 中和吟 Zhonghe Yin (lyrics; earliest)
  2. 宗雅操 Zongya Cao (lyrics; only here)
  3. 清夜聞鐘 Qingye Wen Zhong (earliest: unrelated to earlier ones)
  4. 風入松 Feng Ru Song (earliest; no lyrics; unrelated to earlier)
  5. 雁落平沙 Yan Luo Pingsha (earliest of over 50)
  6. 養生操 Yang Sheng Cao (only here)
  7. 碧天秋思 Bitian Qiu Si ("earliest of 13" but some later versions are different)
  8. 子猷訪戴 Ziyou Fang Dai (only here? 1525 was very different)
  9. 悲秋 Bei Qiu ("also called Autumn Boudoir [秋閨 Qiu Gui]"; earliest of 8)
  10. 鸞鳳吟 Luan Feng Yin (earliest of two)
  11. 羽化登仙 Yuhua Deng Xian (earliest of 18, one with 50 sections)
  12. 岳陽三醉 Yueyang San Zui (earliest of 11)
  13. 廣陵真趣 Guangling Zhen Qu (only here)
  14. 廣陵散 Guangling San (earliest)

Noteworthy aspects of this handbook include the following:

  1. It is one of the first handbooks to use the new decimal system for some finger positions.
  2. It has the earliest tablature for Yan Luo Pingsha, a melody still popular today.
  3. It has the second earliest tablature for another melody popular today, the modern version of Ou Lu Wang Ji; the earliest was published in Sizhai Tang Qinpu, a handbook published in 1620 by the widow of another prince, who must have been a cousin.

More to be added.4

 
Footnotes (Shorthand references are explained on a separate page)

1. Orthodox School of Ancient Sounds (古音正宗 Guyin Zhengzong) (QQJC IX/245-386)
3308.198...xxx
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2. "中和:皇明潞王敬一道人式 Zhonghe: Imperial Ming Luwang, the Jingyi Daoist, style" (from QQJC IX/272)
Instruments in this style, attributed to the Prince of Lu, still exist. This particular illustration comes in the handbook at the end of a list of qin styles. The image on the left side is a view of the bottom; to the right is the top. Above the two qins are the characters 中和, identifying the qin style as Zhong He, a style mentioned in Qinshi Chubian but that is not in the Qin Shapes section of Taiyin Daquanji (compare Confucian"). "皇明潞王敬一道人式", to the right of the instruments, identifies this qin as in the style of the prince's own qins. On the facing page is the following commentary:

中和琴式論:
是制也,額起八棱,以按八節;腰起四棱,以按四時;龍池上圓,鳳沼下方,以按天圓地方;琴尾作環雲,托尾作雙星,以按景星慶雲,乃成天象,名曰「中和」。

Not yet translated.
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3. 朱常淓 Zhu Changfang
For "潞國敬一道人 The honor one-ness Taoist of Lu", 朱常淓 Zhu Changfang, see separate page.
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4.
??
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Return to the annotated handbook list or to the Guqin ToC.