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Anonymous; Qinshu Cunmu #99, 2 11 lines
Facsimile edition published in Beijing 3
This anonymous handbook is said to date from the 13/14th centuries, but it mostly copied earlier material.
Table of Contents (Beijing facsimile edition)
(Page reference 1/1 means second part of double page 1)
|Finger methods diagram #1 (complete pdf)|
IX. Fengsu Tong, Discussion of sounds (風俗通，音聲論) 77/2
This passage from Fengsu Tong is also quoted in QSDQ, but the end is different.
Tacked on at end: a passage from the Xin Lun by Huan Tan discussing the origins of the qin.6
In the Beijing reprint of Qinyuan Yaolu there is here (p. 80/1) a brief comment by 馮水 Feng Shui (modern) on this edition. After that is an appendix called 太音大全手訣 Hand mnemonics from Taiyin Daquan; these are the same as can be found in Taiyin Daquanji (See QQJC, I, p.79ff). There is then another afterword by Feng Shui.
Qinyuan Yaolu is mentioned in various places on this site, including,
I am still not sure about many things concerning this book.7
Footnotes (Shorthand references are explained on a separate page)
琴苑要錄 Qinyuan Yaolu references
21570.xxx; 中國音樂思想批批判 Zhongguo Yinyue Sixiang Pipan (1965), pp.149/150, mentions two available editions, 瞿氏舊藏明抄本 (Old Ming copybook in the collection of the Qu Family), and 據明抄本傳抄晒印 (A blueprint [?] based on the Ming hand copy). The Qu family edition was in their Iron Qin Bronze Sword Tower (鐵琴銅劍樓 Tieqintongjianlou Shumu). The introduction to Wusheng Qinpu says, "The original copy was in the collection of the Qu family of Changshu, but now it has been returned (sic) to the Beijing Library. It is a sister volume to a hand copy of Qinyuan Yaolu in a collection dating from the Zheng De period (1506-22)." Qinshu Cunmu (see below) makes no mention of Wusheng Qinpu, saying instead that it was together with Qin Shi. (Return)
2. Qinshu Cunmu says it is 舊抄本 an old handcopy, then writes,
Facsimile edition of 琴苑要錄 Qinyuan Yaolu
The facsimile edition I have was apparently printed in Beijing, but it gives no publication details. At the end is appended a 太音大全手訣 Taiyin Daquan Shoujue Hand Mnemonics (an excerpt from Taiyin Daquanji, which can also be seen in QQJC, I, pp.79 - 83). This Qinyuan Yaolu is apparently a copy of the version that was in the Iron Qin Bronze Sword Tower (鐵琴銅劍樓 Tieqintongjianlou The afterword by 馮水 Feng Shui in the Beijing edition begins as follows:
4. What is included in this edition of Qinyuan Yaolu actually begins with a section called 古操十二章 12 Old Laments, but the section introduces 20 melodies. If compared with the 平津館 Pingjin Guan edition of 蔡邕琴操 the Qin Cao of Cai Yong (see editions), it can be seen that this Qinyuan Yaolu edition has the first 11 of the 12 cao, then (without a heading) the nine preludes (引 yin) which form the middle two sections of the Pingjin Guan edition. Here the title of the 12th cao and a heading for the nine yin have been added. (Return)
Zhi Xi Preface (止息序 Zhixi Xu), from 善琴 Praising the qin
This may be connected to the melody attributed to Lü Wei. It is translated into German by Manfred Dahmer, who dates it to 1035 CE; see Der Lange Regenbogen, Die Solosuite Guanglingsan für Qin; Uelzen, Medinizinisch Literarische Verlagsgesellschaft mbH, 2009; pp. 86－87 and 111-112. The original text is as follows (punctuation and some corrections from Dahmer):
Clearly this is describing the rounded top and the flat bottom that one finds on all qin. The translation may thus be somewhat misleading. In an article from 2007 on early qin-type instruments Prof. Bo Lawergren interprets this passage as referring to round and square areas on the early qin-types, then compares this with the two sound posts now found inside the qin (in the reverse direction), the rounded one called tianzhu (heavenly pillar), the square one dizhu (earthly pillar). Yuan (圓) means rounded as well as circular and lian (歛 or 斂) seems to suggests the way it meets the flat surface. Fang, in addition to "square", can also suggest rectangular (e.g., it can refer to a wooden tally, which was rectangular).
7. For example, see the Shen Qi Mi Pu Preface comment about Qin Shu. Is this the same book as that mentioned by Wang Shixiang in a footnote of his Guangling San article? In his comments on the Qin Shu in Qinyuan Yaolu, Wang quotes from the version above then adds that 周慶雲，琴書存目 Zhou Qingyun's Qinshu Cunmu includes a Qin Shu written during the 景祐 Jingyou period (1034-38) of the Song dynasty (see QSCM #96 [Folio III, #8]). (Return)