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QSCB : Northern and Southern Dynasties    /     next   網站目錄
Chapter Four: Northern and Southern Dynasties 1
Xu Jian, Introductory History of the Qin, p. 40 2
第四章﹕南北朝
許健﹕琴史初編,第40頁

(Introduction)

In 420 CE in the south the Eastern Jin dynasty gave way in turn to the four dynasties called Song, Qi, Liang and Chen. Later in the north the various nationalities were unified by the Northern Wei; this formed the situation of confrontation between north and south, called in history the Northern and Southern Dynasties. In the north during the disruption of wars the economy met destruction; the population in large numbers moved south, bringing traditional culture south with them. The social circumstances of the southern dynasties were relatively peaceful; its economic development was the basis for the appearance of a number of flourishing cities and towns. "Whenever there was a region of 100 families there would be a city market; singing and dancing everywhere formed groups." (History of the Southern Dynasties, Biographies of Upright Officials). The basis of the general development of people's music and dance, because of the encouragement from the ruling classes, was that everything they organized had the contemporary styles and features of qingshang music.3 Several qin melodies of that time all had connections with qingshang music.

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Footnotes (Shorthand references are explained on a separate page)

1. Sui Tang period
The period covered in this chapter includes (with capital cities):

Northern 北魏 Northern Wei (386-535), Datong, then Luoyang in 494
東、西魏 Eastern and Western Wei (535-554), Luoyang and Chang An

Southern (Nanjing)

劉宋 Liu Song (420-479)
齊 Qi (479-502)
梁 Liang (502-557)
陳 Chen (557-587)

(Return)

2. 許健,琴史初編,Xu Jian, QSCB, pp. 122 - 123. (Return)

3. Sections 44 to 51 of the 樂府詩集 Yuefu Shiji are called Qingshang Song Lyrics (清商曲辭 Qingshang Quci). Qingshang music is said to have developed out of three modes of the earlier Matching Songs (相和歌 Xianghe Ge), a predominant form of music in the Han dynasty. (Return)

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