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- Qin Shi #124
琴史 #124 2
Dugu Ji (725 - 777) was from a Turkic family that, having married into the Sui and Tang royal families, was living in Luoyang.4 He had an important official career under the Tang, but is "known mainly as a literary critic, an advocate of free prose, and an early, though indirect, influence on the great free-prose writer Han Yu."5
There are several stories about Dugu Ji as a qin player.7 The one in Qin Shi tells of his taking his qin to Matui Shan (elsewhere Ma Shan6); it then adds several lines from a poem by Dugu Ji.8
See also Qinshu Daquan,
The original biography in Qin Shi, under the title Dugu Xian Gong, is as follows.
.... He was canonized Xian Gong.
Full poem below.
Footnotes (Shorthand references are explained on a separate page)
1. Bio/1757 獨孤及，字至之，謚憲公; ICTCL, p.820: scholar official, became 太常博士 (Erudite in the Court of Imperial Sacrifices), and finally had prefectureship of 常州 Changzhou. Canonized "Exemplary Duke". (Return)
2. The original text was, (Return)
4. Other members of this family were also involved with the qin. For example, his cousin Dugu Mian had a son, Dugu Shi, who wrote a Jiu Diao Cao. (Return)
Influence on Han Yu
ICTCL, p.820. Dugu Ji had argued for a return to earlier writing styles, a precursor to Han Yu and the advocacy of 古文 gu wen.
Matui Shan (Mount Matui)
45550.431 馬退 Matui says it is a mountain north of 南寧 Nanning, near Kunming (which is in fact quite far from Nanning). Elsewhere the mountains are called simply 馬山 Ma Shan; 45550.44 lists several, including one in Henan, 內鄉縣.
On the other hand Dugu Ji is sometimes credited with having written an essay called, 邕州馬退山茅亭記 Notes Written at Maoting Pavilion on Matuishan in Yongzhou (Hunan), an essay generally attributed to Liu Zongyuan.
Other stories about Dugu Ji playing qin
For example, 太平廣記 Taiping Guangji (3) says,
Dugu Ji served as an official in Changzhou.
Poem by Dugu Ji
The full poem is as follows:
Not yet translated.
Return to QSCB, or to the Guqin ToC.