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QSDQ ToC     Bios, Part 1     Qin Biographies 首頁
Virtuous Qin Players in History, Part 2
Qinshu Daquan Folio 15 (V/323 - 345) 1
歷代彈琴聖賢下
琴書大全十五卷

There are 86 further biographical essays here; 56 are from Qin Shi,2 (usually identical), 4 are in Qin Shi Bu (not identical), and 26 are not in the other sources. It ends with the categories Immortals, Daoists, Monks, and Ladies

  1. 陳仲儒 Chen Zhongru (V/323)
    (Bio/xxx; 437.422xxx;) 神龜初 Early in the reign period 517-519 CE he returned home to the north....(no mention of a
    Qinyong Zhifa)

  2. 鹿悆 Lu Yu (V/323)
    Lu Yu, style name 永吉 Yongji

  3. 韋敻 Wei Xiong (V/323-4)
    see
    Qin Shi Bu #66

  4. 檀翥 Tan Zhu (V/324)
    Tan Zhu, style name 鳳翔 Fengxiang

  5. 何妥 He Tuo (V/324)
    He Tuo, style name (木西)鳳 Shifeng (or Chifeng)

  6. 杜棲 Du Qi (V/324)
    see
    Qin Shi #109

  7. 陶弘景 Tao Hongjing (V/324)
    see
    Qin Shi #110

  8. 王彥 Wang Yan (V/324)
    see
    Qin Shi #111

  9. 文中子 (Wang Tong), subtitle 釣者知音 (V/324-5)
    see
    Qin Shi #112

  10. 王績 Wang Ji (V/325)
    see
    Qin Shi #113

  11. 呂方 Lü Fang (V/325)
    see
    Qin Shi #114

  12. 趙耶利 Zhao Yeli (V/325-6)
    see
    Qin Shi #115

  13. 司馬子微 Sima Ziwei, subtitle 素琴傳 (V/326-7)
    see
    Qin Shi #116

  14. 盧藏用 Lu Cangyong (V/327)
    see
    Qin Shi #117

  15. 趙元 Zhao Yuan (V/327-8)
    see
    Qin Shi #118

  16. 元紫芝 Yuan Zizhi (V/328)
    see
    Qin Shi #119

  17. 房公 Fang Gong (697 - 763), nickname of 房琯 Fang Guan (V/328)
    My edition of Qin Shi has a gap after the first few words of his biography, then skips to information about
    Li Mian (next entry). 房琯 Fang Guan (11992.86), style name 次律 Cilü, was a son of 房融 Fang Rong of Luoyang. He was at first a recluse in 陸渾山 the Luhun Mountains (by Songshan, southeast of Luoyang), but then was called into military service....(See also another mention.)

    Fang Guan, style name Cilü, from Henan, was a son of Justice Official for Regulating Affairs Fang Rong. When Fang Guan was young he enjoyed studying....With 呂向 Lü Xiang of 東平 Dongping at 陸渾伊陽山 Yiyang Mountain in Luhun he read books. During 713 - 742 Tang Ming Huang....(article also mentions 張說 Zhang Yue and Dong Tinglan

  18. 李勉 Li Mian (717 - 788; V/328)
    See
    separate entry (my edition of Qin Shi has a missing section here, so the information comes mostly from QSDQ)

  19. 王晙 Wang Jun (V/328)
    Wang Jun (Bio/131 says he was from 滄州景城 Jingcheng in Cangzhou) was a son of 王綝 Wang Lin (d. 702; Bio/135), style name 方慶 Fangqing.

    Wang Jun, from Shengyang in Yongzhou, was a son of 史部尚書方慶 , Minister of the Department of History Wang Fangqing. He became famous for his writing (calligraphy?). He was especially skilled at playing the qin and chess, and 性多嚴整. He achieved the rank of 殿中侍御史 Royal Palace Attendant (for History?).

  20. 張鎬 Zhang Gao (Zhang Hao?; died 764 CE; V/328)
    See
    separate entry (my edition of Qin Shi has him in the ToC, but is missing the entry [#121])

  21. 韓滉 Han Huang (V/328-9)
    see
    Qin Shi #123

    韓皋 (or 韓臯) Han Gao attached (as in Qin Shi); subtitle 推原廣陵

  22. 獨孤及 Dugu Ji (V/329)
    see
    Qin Shi #124

  23. 王龜 Wang Gui (V/329)
    see
    Qin Shi Bu #89

  24. 白樂天 Bai Juyi; subtitle 援崔琴彈秋思 (V/329-30)
    see
    Qin Shi #125

  25. 崔玄亮 Cui Xuanliang (V/330)
    see
    Qin Shi #126

  26. 衛次公 Wei Cigong (V/330)
    see
    Qin Shi #127

  27. 郭虛舟 Guo Xuzhou (V/330)
    see
    Qin Shi #128

  28. 蕭祐 Xiao You (V/330)
    see
    Qin Shi #129

  29. (V/330-1)
    see
    Qin Shi #130

  30. 薛易簡 Xue Yijian; subtitle 琴訣 (V/331)
    see
    Qin Shi #132

  31. 董庭蘭 Dong Tinglan (V/331-2)
    see
    Qin Shi #133

  32. 宋霽 Song Ji; subtitles 賀若 and 仰臥彈琴 (V/332)
    see
    Qin Shi #134

  33. 甘讜 Gan Dang (V/332)
    see
    Qin Shi #135

  34. 孫希裕 Sun Xiyu (V/332)
    see
    Qin Shi #136

  35. 陳拙 Chen Zhuo (V/332)
    see
    Qin Shi #137

  36. 唐楊壯 Tang Yangzhuang (V/332)
    Tang Yangzhuang, style name 藏之 Cangzhi (Zangzhi), nickname 知音 Zhiyin.

  37. 鄭遨 Zheng Ao (V/332)
    Zheng Ao, style name 雲叟 Yunsou, was from 滑州白馬 Baima in Huazhou.

  38. 黃處士 Reclusive Scholar Huang (V/332-3)
    nickname of 黃延矩 Huang Yanju, style name 垂範 Chuifan
    see
    Qin Shi Bu #102

  39. 太宗 Taizong, subtitle 作九絃琴 (V/333)
    see
    Qin Shi #139

  40. 竇儼 Dou Yan, subtitle 察音前知 (V/333-4)
    see
    Qin Shi #139

  41. 崔遵度 Cui Zundu (V/334)
    see
    Qin Shi #140

  42. 朱億 Zhu Yi (V/334)
    see
    Qin Shi #141

  43. 朱文濟 Zhu Wenji and 趙裔 Zhao Yi (V/334)
    see
    Qin Shi #142

  44. 唐異 Tang Yi (V/334)
    see
    Qin Shi #143

  45. 范仲淹 Fan Zhongyan (V/334-5)
    see
    Qin Shi #144

  46. 歐陽永叔 Ouyang Xiu; subtitle 學琴愈病 (V/335)
    see
    Qin Shi #145

  47. 趙抃 Zhao Bian; subtitle 琴鶴自隨 (V/335-6)
    see
    Qin Shi #146

  48. 鍾惟靜 Zhong Weijing (V/336)
    Zhong Weijing was from 鄱陽 Poyang (Jiangxi). He became jinshi on his second try, but he didn't 第志 . (11th c.)

     
    神仙 Immortals

  49. 涓子 Juanzi (V/336)
    see
    Qin Shi #27

  50. 琴高 Qin Gao (V/336)
    see
    Qin Shi #28

  51. 冠先 Guan Xian, subtitle 踞門鼓琴 (V/334)
    see
    Qin Shi #29

  52. 周亮 Zhou Liang (V/336-7)
    道士周亮 The Daoist Zhou Liang, style name 泰宜 was from 太山丘 (= 邱 ?, by 泰山 Taishan?).
    see
    Qin Shi Bu #23

  53. 竇公 Dou Gong (V/337)
    see
    Qin Shi #62

  54. 周太賓 Zhou Tai Bin (V/337)
    see
    Qin Shi #63

  55. 馬明生 Ma Mingsheng; subtitle 石室鼓琴 (V/337)
    (somewhat different information from the Ma Mingsheng included in #54 above

  56. 稷丘君 Master Jiqiu; subtitle 章甫擁琴 (V/337)
    see
    Qin Shi #64

  57. 鮑靜 Bao Jing (V/337)
    Full title: 南海太守鮑靜 Governor Bao Jing of Nanhai; subtitle 叔夜尸解 Shuye (
    Xi Kang) abandons his corpse

    南海太守鮑靜,漢司隷鮑宣之後也。東海徐寧嘗師事之。寧夜聞靜室有琴聲,怪其妙而問焉。靜答曰嵇叔夜。寧曰嵇康死於東市綠,何在茲?靜曰叔夜化迹示終實以尸解。
    自丱角夷性恬淡不累於俗嘗山居野䖏乙閉氣精思形若槁木已而得衛生之道。年踰七十齒髮如初。偶一日入室翛然而化既空之久因狂徒啟墓發棺但存衣冠耳。

    (For the first part compare the 嵇康贊序 Preface to In Praise of Xi Kang by Gu Kaizhi, included in 《文選》五君詠注. Here are the original followed by the translation by Thomas Cleary in Alchemists, Mediums and Magicians, p.71:)

    南海太守鮑靚,通靈士也,東海徐寧師之,寧夜聞靜室有琴聲,怪其妙而問焉。靚曰,嵇叔夜。寧曰,嵇臨命東市,何得在茲?靚曰,叔夜跡示終,而實尸解。
    The governor of Nanhai, Bao Jing, was one in communion with the miraculous; Xu Ning of Donghai took him for his teacher. One night Ning heard the sound of a lute (sic.) in Jing's room; marveling at its refinement, he asked about it. Jing said, "That was Ji Shuye." Ning said, "Ji was killed - how could he be here?" Jing said, "Shuye projected the appearance of dying, but in reality he just left the body."

    The second part continues the story, but it only concerns Xi Kang, saying he continued living in the mountains, looking very young even when he was over 70; then when people looked into his tomb Xi Kang's body was gone, with only his clothing left behind.

  58. 張天師 Zhang Tianshi (V/337-8)
    nickname of 張道陵 Zhang Daoling (d.156 CE; Bio/1298), style name 輔漢 Fuhan

  59. 葛遷翁 Ge Qianweng (V/338)
    nickname of 葛元 Ge Yuan (Bio/xxx), style name 孝先 Xiaoxian; Qianweng: "Removed scholar"

  60. 曾真君 Ceng Zhenjun (V/338)
    nickname of 曾毫 Ceng Hao (Bio/xxx), style name 興國 Xingguo 14626.xxx; Zhenjun: "deferential title of an immortal"

  61. 紫陽真人 Ziyang Zhenren (V/338)
    nickname of 周義山 Zhou Yishan (Western Han; Bio/1534), style name 季通 Jitong

  62. 孫登 Sun Deng; subtitle 一弦琴 (V/338)
    see
    Qin Shi #80

  63. 嚴法師 Master Yan; subtitle: 聽琴反真 (V/338-9)
    嚴達 Yan Da (Bio/xxx), style name 道通 Daotong

  64. 韓湘 Han Xiang; subtitle: 琴彈碧玉 (V/339)
    See
    separate entry.

  65. 王長產 Wang Changchan (V/339)
    Wang Changchan (Bio/xxx), style name 元規 Yuangui

  66. 殷七七 Yin Qiqi (V/339)
    This entry has the same information as in
    Folio 17, #55, where the source is identified as 神僊通鑑 Shenxian Tongjian: Lessons of Divine Transcendents. 16993.1 殷七七 says 唐道士 Tang Daoist priest and gives some other information, quoting 續仙傳 Xu Xian Zhuan, 五色絃 Wu Se Xian and a poem by Su Dongpo called 吉祥寺詩.

    Yin Qiqi, proper name 文祥 Yin Wenxiang, also called 道筌 Yin Daoquan, called himself Yin Qiqi, and this is what he was commonly called. It is not known where he was from. He wandered all over....

  67. 劉商 Liu Shang; subtitle 琴鼓胡笳 (V/337/8)
    Liu Shang (late 8th c.; Bio/642: from 徐州彭城 Pengcheng in Xuzhou, he was a metropolitan candidate in 766 - 780 and a vice-director in the Bureau of Forestry and Crafts during 785 - 805, then had other positions;
    Around 770 CE he wrote a poem in 18 sections on the
    Hujia story; it was later used in a famous scroll painting

     
    道士 Daoists

  68. 道士馮惟良 Daoist Feng Weiliang (V/340)
    Feng Weiliang, style name 雲翼 Yunyi

  69. 道士陳寡言 Daoist Chen Guayan (V/340)
    Chen Guayan, style name 太初 Taichu

  70. 張氳 Chen Yun (V/340-1)
    Chen Yun was from 晉陽 Jinyang (long entry)

  71. 道士趙知徵 Zhao Zhizhi (or Zhizheng) (V/341)
    Zhao Zhizheng, of unknown origin, had a hut in 九華山鳳凰嶺 Fenghuang Peak of Jiuhua Shan mountain range.

  72. 道士李真 Daoist Li Zhen; subtitle: 攜琴負藥 (V/341)
    Compare 李貞
    Li Zhen and 李禎 Li Zhen
    Li Zhen, of unknown origin, was a recluse in to the west of 華山岐州 Qizhou in Huashan...

     
    僧 Monks

  73. 天竺日觀庵通教法師 Tianzhu Riguan Monastery Doctrinal Master (?; V/341)
    Tianzhu: India; temple in Jiangxi or near Hangzhou; temple in Hangzhou;
    Riguan: 14606.xxx; Yueguan 曰觀 14046.667 : mountain in Shandong; An could be "hut")
    Tongjiao: 10/xxx; understand doctrine; fashi master;
    His original name was 仲氏喜昇 Zhong Xisheng (437.xxx).

     
    列女 Ladies
    see also
    Women and the Guqin

  74. 衛女 Wei Nü (V/341-2)
    see
    Qin Shi #52; subtitle: 琴操思歸 The qin melody Si Gui

  75. 百里奚妻 Wife of Baili Xi (V/342)
    see
    Qin Shi #53; subtitle: 託澣援琴 Ask to do the washing, then play the qin

  76. 伯姬保母 Governess of Boji (V/342)
    see
    Qin Shi #54

  77. 樊姬 Fan Ji (V/342)
    see
    Qin Shi #55

  78. 魯女 Lu Nü (V/342)
    see
    Qin Shi #56; subtitle: 倚柱吟嘯 Lean against the pillars and sigh

  79. 王昭君 Wang Zhaojun (V/342-3)
    see
    Qin Shi #71

  80. 毛女 Mao Nü; subtitle 巖中鼓琴 (V/343)
    see
    Qin Shi #57; subtitle: 巖中鼓琴 Playing the qin amongst precipices

  81. 元后 Empress Yuan (V/344)
    see
    Qin Shi #60; 附趙后 Empress Zhao appended

  82. 蔡琰 Cai Yan; "attached 陳脩明 Chen Xiuming" (? ; it was detached here to make #83);
    see
    Qin Shi #78/A; subtitles, 聽音知絃, 胡笳傳世 (V/344)

  83. 會稽女子陳脩 Chen Xiu, a woman of Kuaiji (V/344)
    see Qin Shi #78/B; there is no explanation why the name is changed from Xiuming to Xiu

  84. 段豐妻 Wife of Duan Feng (V/344)
    see
    Qin Shi #97

  85. 李氏、王氏女 Women of the Li and Wang families (V/344)
    see
    Qin Shi #131

  86. 烝相王徽姪女 Zheng Xiang, Niece of Wang Hui (V/344)
    apparently not in Qin Shi (compare 王微
    Wang Wei)

See also Later Women Players

 
歷代彈琴聖賢類名 Virtuous Qin Players in History, a List

(There is a short essay here, then an appended list of 88 names)

 
Footnotes (Shorthand references are explained on a
separate page)

1. Further information in the Preface. (V/...) refers to page numbers in Vol. V of Qinqu Jicheng. (Return)

2. The Table of Contents has 88 entries, giving #43 (QS #131) and #85 (QS #142) each two headings. It divides QS #78 into two entries, making #82 and #83 here. (Return)

Return to the top, to the annotated handbook list or to the Guqin ToC.