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Qin biographies     首頁
Yuan Jue 1 袁桷

Yuan Jue (1266 - 1327), style name Bochang, nicknamed Retired Scholar with an Honorable Manner (Qingrong Jushi), was from what is today Ningbo in Zhejiang province. According to QSCB, Chapter 6c2,3 in his youth Yuan Jue studied the imperial Inner chamber tablature. Later, perhaps in 1284/5,4 he studied the qin tradition of the Zhe school from the great master Xu Tianmin (it has been said that this began at the Tianfeng Pagoda when Yuan Jue was 19: was that in Ningbo?).5 Another teacher is said to have been Dai Biaoyuan.6

Qingrong Jushi Ji, 50 folios, by Yuan Jue, is an important source for information on the qin in the 13th century. As detailed in a footnote below,7 this information apparently comes mainly from folios 44 and 49. It includes,

  1. Qin Narration (Qin Shu8), Presented to Huang Yiran, in Folio 44, discussed in QSCB, Chapter 6c2 , and in Rao Zongyi Section 2 and Section 3.
  2. Regarding Daoist Luo (Shi Luo Daoshi), also in Folio 44; discussed by Rao, see especially Section 3
  3. An essay to his student Luo Dazhang commenting on the Wanyan tablature: same as previous, Regarding Daoist Luo? Mentioned in QSCB, Chapter 6c2
  4. "Concerning the calligraphy of Xu Tianmin" (Ti Xu Tianmin Caoshu, 3 essays9) in Folio 49. See again QSCB, Chapter 6c2 and Rao Zongyi, especially Section 3.

Yuan Jue's poems with a qin theme include,

Bu Yue and Qiu Yu (QSCB, 6a3), and
Sending Qin Strings to Zhou Zijing (QSDQ, Folio 20B, #70)

The latter seems to mention a gathering at Yongjia, near Wenzhou, south of Ningbo.10

 
Footnotes (Shorthand references are explained on a separate page)

1. Yuan Jue 袁桷
Yuan Jue (Bio/1833; 34953.145), 慶元路鄞縣人,字伯長,號清容居士 from the Ningbo area, style name Bochang, nickname Qingrong Jushi (Retired Scholar with an Honorable Manner), became a member of the 翰林國史院 Hanlin Academy. Rao Zongyi [p.83] says he is one of the most important sources of information about qin music of that time.
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3. QSCB, p. 115
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4. QSCB, p. 90 interprets 甲申乙酉間 as 1224/5, but this does not accord with the dates above; 1284/5 is probably correct.
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5. Yuan Jue studies with Xu Tianmin; in Ningbo/
Yuan Jue was from Ningbo, and this blog has:
徐天民...曾在天封塔下南湖袁氏家塾教19歲的袁桷學琴。袁桷被譽為甬上元代第一大學士,有著很高的琴學修養,他所撰的《琴述》,為中國古琴文獻史上的名篇。
The teaching is said to have taken place at Tianfeng Pagoda (天封塔 5961.632 is only 天封: a mountain in an unknown location). A re-built tower of this name is today a tourist site in Ningbo, Yuan's home town. However, the pagoda is also said to have been near 大中祥符寺 Dazhong Xiangfu Si, which is the name of a temple in 衢州 Quzhou, so closer to Xu Tianmin's home town, 嚴陵 Yanling.

The blog goes on to mention famous qin monks such as Yi Hai, suggesting they may also have had a connection to Ningbo:
其實,天封塔下之所以引來徐天民的游歷,原因在於北宋時期延慶寺出了5位琴僧大家,在中國《歷代琴人傳》宋元部分(第三冊)總共只記載了14位琴僧,其中5位就是寧波延慶寺所出的琴僧:義海、從信、演化知白則全。由此可以說,寧波古琴文化底藴深厚,並在中國古琴文化史上佔據重要地位。
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6. Dai Biaoyuan 戴表元 (1244 - 1310)
Bio/2562; other references on this site include two poems and one essay:
QSCB, Folio 19
QSCB, Folio 20
Essay: Ti Zhao Zi'ang Qinyuan Lüe Hou
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7. Qingrong Jushi Ji 清容居士集五十卷
Qingrong Jushi Ji, 50 Folios, collects the writings of 袁桷 Yuan Jue; it is described in 18003.299 清容居士集五十卷. Reference is made there to 四庫提要,集,別集類 Siku Quanshu, but there is no mention of any particular contents. Relevant parts apparently included:

  1. Qin Narration, Presented to Huang Yiran (琴述,贈黃依然 Qin Shu, Zeng Huang Yiran) in Folio 44, discussed in QSCB, Chapter 6c2 (p. 115), and in Rao Zongyi Section 2 and Section 3.
  2. Regarding Daoist Luo (示羅道士 Shi Luo Daoshi 25182.xxx; 29024.xxx), also in Folio 44; discussed by Rao, see especially Section 3
  3. An essay to his student 羅大章 Luo Dazhang (29024.xxx) commenting on the Wanyan tablature, also mentioned in QSCB, Chapter 6c2: same as previous, Regarding Daoist Luo?
  4. "Concerning the calligraphy of Xu Tianmin" (題徐天民草書三篇 Ti Xu Tianmin Caoshu, 3 essays) in Folio 49. See again QSCB, Chapter 6c2 and Rao Zongyi, especially Section 3.
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8. Qin Narration (琴述 Qin Shu)
The essay apparently is part of Qingrong Jushi Ji Folio 44, Qin Narration, Presented to Huang Yiran (琴述,贈黃依然 Qin Shu, Zeng Huang Yiran). In addition to Xu Jian, QSCB, Chapter 6c2, see also Chapter 6a5.
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9. Concerning the calligraphy of Xu Tianmin (題徐天民草書 Ti Xu Tianmin Caoshu)
This essay apparently is all or part of Qingrong Jushi Ji, Folio 49.
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10. Sending Qin Strings to Zhou Zijing (以琴絃寄周子敬)
Original text in QSDQ, Folio 20B, #70, seems to be as follows (several characters not clear).

五色鸞膠世莫傳,春雷進石響流泉。
永嘉七十四居士,玄鸖來時就榻眠。
Five-colored "phoenix glue" has not passed on to our generation,
    "Spring thunder" over the rocks resounds among the flowing springs.
At Yongjia there were 74 gentlemen,
    When the Black Cranes arrived they slept on their couches.

"Phoenix glue" is reputed to have been used to repair qin strings (48485.98 gives 漢武帝外傳 Han Wudi Waizhuan as earliest reference, then 元好問,杏花落後詩 Yuan Haowen, Poem after the apricot flowers fall). Yongjia is near 溫州 Wenzhou in Zhejiang province. "Spring Thunder" (Chun Lei) is the name of a famous guqin.
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