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Song Lian 1 宋濂

Song Lian (1310 - 1381), style name 景濂 Jinglian, was "a literary and political adviser to the Ming-dynasty founder, and one of the principal figures in the Yuan-dynasty Jinhua school of Neo-Confucianism.3 As a youth in Zhejiang he became widely read and highly respected. "By the end of the Yuan dynasty he was one of the best known and most widely read of Chinese poets and essayists....With the official proclamation of the Ming dynasty in 1368 (he) was directed to be one of the chief compilers of the official history of the Yuan" (ibid.). His 浦陽人物集 Puyang Renwu Ji was "an important collection of his biographies of the famous writers and scholars of his native region". These became very widely known, including in Japan, Korea and Vietnam, and later many were republished (see below).

Song Lian was apparently quite critical of some of the work of Yang Zuan. This is mentioned by James Watt in his The Qin and the Chinese Literati.

Song Lian's works concerning the qin include essays that may originally have been published in the Puyang Renwu Ji mentioned above, but have survived in later editions published under the title Collected Works of Song dynasty scholars.4 This includes:

  1. Epilogue to Taigu Yiyin5
    This work discusses Yang Zuan, including a description of how he classified the 468 qin compositions into diao (preludes), yi (meaning of mode) and cao (full melodies), and compiled them into a Zixiadong Qinpu.
  2. Epilogue to Zheng Ying's Qin Pu6
    See Rao, Section 5 and Section 6; both discuss Yang Zuan

His entries with a qin theme in Qinshu Daquan include:

  1. Folio 13 (V.284/5; lyrics for two songs)
  2. Folio 16, #64 (V.369; as above: his afterword to Taigu Yiyin, mentioned above
  3. Folio 18, #84 (V.414; explaining qin to someone [齊氏] who doesn't already know what it is)

Footnotes (Shorthand references are explained on a separate page)

1. Bio/1186; 7230.365

3. ICTCL, p.735. The entry say he also wrote on Buddhism and Daoism.

4. Collected Works of Song dynasty scholars (宋學士全集 Song Xueshi Quanji)
7230.378 宋學士全集 by 宋濂 Song Lian, 36 folios; the entry does not list them. The entries were apparently biographical essays about Song dynasty scholars, but they also include essays written by those scholars.

5. Epilogue to Taigu Yiyin 跋太古遺音
Discussed by Rao Zongyi in his Historical Account of the Qin, Section 6.

6. Afterword to Zheng Ying's qin tablature (跋鄭瀛生琴譜)
This is the title used in Hsu Wen-Ying, The Ku-Ch'in, pp. 219 - 220; see also in Qinshu Cunmu. Rao Section 5 and Section 6 refers to it as 跋鄭生琴譜後, which seems to mean Afterword to after Mr. Zheng's qin tablature.