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- Qin Shi #70
琴史 #70 2
劉向 Liu Xiang (77-6 BCE), a descendant of a younger brother of Liu Bang, founder of the Han dynasty, was in and out of office during his official career. At one time he was almost executed, but he later rose to high rank within the imperial palace.
Liu Xiang is known mainly as a bibliographer and anecdotal historian, but he was also a poet and writer of prose lamentations. The following works from his opus are mentioned elsewhere on this site:
|- Xiang Fei||(Scroll 1, #1; see the melody Xiang Fei Yuan)|
|- Fan Ji||(Scroll 2, #5; see the melody Lienü Yin)|
|- Ban Jieyu||(Scroll 8, #14; see the melody Han Gong Qiu).|
|- Queen Jiang||(Scroll 2, #1; no surviving melody; Qin Shi Bu said her daily qin play made King Xuan of Zhou a better ruler.)|
|- Governess of Boji||(Boji is Scroll 4, #2; Boji Yin [Prelude #2], attributed to the governess, does not survive)|
|- Wife of Qi Liang||(Scroll 4, #8; Lament of the Wife of Qi Liang does not survive)|
|- Maiden of Agu||(Scroll 6, #6; illustration shows Zigong with a qin, but no surviving melody)|
|- Zhao Feiyan||(Scroll 8, #15; her two melodies do not survive)|
|- Wuling Ji||(Scroll 2, #15; wife of Wuling Zi [see Guanyuan Cao, not surviving]; she had "qin to her left, books to her right")|
|- Zangsun Mu||(Scroll 3, #9; mother of Zangsun Chen [see Xing Tan, no apparent connection]; the biography says "琴之合，甚思之")|
|- Liang Hong Fu||(Scroll 8, #18; 誦書詩彈琴 chanted verse and played qin with her husband, Liang Hong; no melody mentioned)|
In addition, 魯母師 Mother-Teacher of Lu, entry 12 in Folio 1 (original text online) is mentioned elsewhere in connection with a possible early name for hui.
Huang Di (the Yellow Emperor)
1921.25 says Liexian Zhuan includes 71 people but most sources say 70. ICTCL, p.566, says it had "seventy brief hagiographies of Daoist adepts", adding that the attribution to Liu Xiang is probably erroneous since it must date at least in part from several centuries later. ICTCL also mentions later collections with more people and longer entries, including the 列仙全傳 Lie Xian Quanzhuan by Wang Shizhen (王世貞 21295.294; 1526 - 90), with 640 entries.
A number of illustrations on this website are reprints from 李攀龍 Li Panlong's illustrated Lie Xian Quanzhuan with 581 entries, first published by 汪雲鵬 Wang Yunpeng (? 17593.xxx) in 1600. The reprints are mostly taken from:
In addition to images of most of the people listed from the Han edition below, Lie Xian Quan Zhuan also has many images of people to be found only in the later editions, including
Xiang Fei Er Nü,
Zhang Liang and
Zhang Zhihe and
This website has Liexian Zhuan references in the commentary on a number of qin melodies, in particular:
Yi Ye Zhi Qiu,
Yao Tian Sheng He,
Yuan You, and
Gu Guan Yu Shen.
Qinshu Daquan, Folio 16, #20; YFSJ, Preface
Qinshu Daquan, Folio 16, #33 (QQJC V, p. 352); YFSJ, Yang Chun
http://www.chinaknowledge.de; ICTCL: "moral tales and political persuasions"
Qinshu Daquan, Folio 16, #34 (QQJC V, pp 358-9) quotes four passages
The standard edition of Shuo Yuan had 20 chapters but some editions, including the China Text Project edition, add a 21st chapter called 佚文 Yi Wen: "fragmentary or apocryphal essays", collected from other sources that attribute them to Shuo Yuan. Shuo Yuan, Yi Wen includes a quote concerning Sun Xi.
One mentions a large number of qin players in Pi, over a century after Shi Zhong (Xu Jian Chapter 2.A., p.12).
In addition to images of most of the people listed from the Han edition below, Lie Xian Quan Zhuan also has many images of people to be found only in the later editions, including Chen Tuan, Guangchengzi, Liu An, Lü Yan, Mozi, Sima Chengzhen, Sun Deng, Taizhenwang Furen, Xi Kang, Xiang Fei Er Nü, Yin Xi, Zhang Liang and Zhang Zhihe and Zhuangzi.
This website has Liexian Zhuan references in the commentary on a number of qin melodies, in particular: You Lan, Yi Ye Zhi Qiu, Yao Tian Sheng He, Yuan You, and Gu Guan Yu Shen.
In addition, Xu Jian, Chapter 2.A. (p.13) quotes him from Qin Shi (original source unmentioned) making a comment about the qin player Long De.
The original essay on Liu Xiang in Qin Shi begins as follows.
Not yet translated.
Footnotes (Shorthand references are explained on a separate page)
Liu Xiang 劉向
2270.260; ICTCL, p.583; Xu Jian, Chapter 2.A. (p.13).
Versions of Lienü Zhuan
UVA took their edition offline for awhile, during which time the links below did not work. 1921.16 列女傳 also mentions a Ming dynasty 古今列女傳 Gujin Lienü Zhuan.
Indirectly relevant biographies
Lienü Zhuan biographies of women mentioned on this site, but apparently with only an indirect qin connection, include:
|- Wei Ji||(Scroll 2, #2; she was the wife of Duke Huan of Qi)|
|- Mu Ji||(Scroll 2, #4; she was the wife of Duke Mu of Qin)|
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