Qinshu Daquan Table of Contents
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Qinshu Daquan Table of Contents
Published in 1590 by Jiang Keqian 1
Opening (V/3-20)

蕭大亨 Xiao Daheng preface
蔣克謙 Jiang Kejian preface
Qinshu Daquan Table of contents

Folio 1   序琴 Introducing the Qin (V/20-29)

(16 essays from a variety of early sources)

Folio 2   聲律上 Qin Music Theory, Part 1 (V/29-64)

(25 entries; #16 [p. 37] is Chen Minzi, 琴律發微敘述 Description of Qinlü Fawei)

Folio 3   聲律下 Qin Music Theory, Part 2 (V/64-87)

(29 entries)

Folio 4   琴製 Qin Construction (V/87-104)

(50 entries)

Folio 5   琴式 Qin Shapes (V/104-130)

(125 titles, unnumbered; #s 1-65 include 61 qin illustrations and 3 "folk" instrument illustrations.
Many of the first 46 illustrations duplicate
earlier lists; at least nine quote Li Mian;
17 of the last 18 [#s 48-65] are different, as follows):
-大琴 da qin (20 strings; #48; V/117)
-中琴 zhong qin (10 strings)
-小琴 xiao qin (five strings)
-次大琴 cida qin (15 strings)
-雅琴 ya qin (played by 趙定 Zhao Ding)
-雷氏琴 Lei Shi qin (famous family of Lei Wei)
-張越琴 Zhang Yue qin (famous qin maker
-十二絃琴 shierxian qin (developed in Song dynasty for the 12 tones)
-兩億琴 liang yi qin (two strings, each string having six bridges)
-頌琴 song qin (13 strings, like zheng?)
-擊琴 ji qin (see 梁柳世隆 under Liu Shilong of Liang)
-一絃琴 yixian qin (compare earlier; #59; V/120)
-十三絃琴 shisanxian qin (has no comment)
-二十七絃琴 ershiqixian qin (in early days replaced five string qin)
-月琴 yue qin (#62, a lute; compare #11 月樣琴 yue style qin)
-素琴 su qin (lengthy comment focuses on Tao Yuanming)
-胡琴 hu qin (#64; two string fiddle2)
-奚琴 xi qin (#65; developed from huqin; V/123)
  (#s 66-125 have no illustrations; some are only titles or multiple titles grouped together. Note in particular:)
-清角,鳳凰,號鐘... (#66-77; 12 titles grouped with two-paragraph comment; V/123)
-九絃琴 jiu xian qin (#78; nine string qin [Cai Yong; Song Taizong; surviving melodies]; V/123)

Folio 6   琴徽 Qin Studs (V/130-143)

(11 entries on positioning and theory)

Folio 7   琴絃 Qin Strings (V/143-151)

(32 entries on background, tuning and manufacture;
  #1: 王大方絃配律呂圖 A chart naming notes corresponding to hui positions
  #6: 陳拙絃論
Chen Zhuo's Discussion of Strings
  #8: 伯牙合絃法 Bo Ya's method of harmonizing strings
  #9: 謝希逸造絃法 Xie Xiyi's String Making Method
#10: 唐陳拙合絃法 (Tang) Chen Zhuo's method of harmonizing strings
#13: 齊嵩論絃法 Qi Song's method of discussing strings
#14: 造大絃法 Method for making big (thick) strings
#19: 楊祖雲辯絲法 (Yang Ziyun's Method of Discerning Silk: "禹貢青州...."
#29: 僧居月造絃法 (Seng Juyue's Method of Making Strings: "細白好絲,不以多少擇州土好者....")
#30: 煮絃法 Boiling Strings Method ("凡欲煮絃須候天氣晴明方可煮....")
#31: 又一法 Another Method ("打法如前,先用魚膠浸夏三日....")
#32: 纏絃法 Method of Wrapping Strings ("其紗子用車子旋捲之....")

Much of this is from Taiyin Daquanji, Folio 1B, in particular #19 to #28 above. About 29 to 32 see further).

Folio 8   指法 Finger Techniques (V/151-179; pdf of Folios 8 & 9; pdf is of old edition, where page #s were 149-177)

(13 entries on fingering, including 8 collections of tablature explanations [#s 2-8 and #13 below])
#1: 釋譜 Explaining tablature ("制譜始於雍門周....". translated here; V/151)
#2: 右手指法譜 (no attrib.; shorthand forms for right hand; V/151)
#3: 左手指法譜 (no attrib.; shorthand forms for left hand; V/152)
#4: 通用字譜 (Commonly used symbols; [other] shorthand forms; V/153)
#5: 唐陳居士指法 Chen Jushi fingerings: by Chen Kangshi? Compare 陳拙 Chen Zhuo, #13 below; V/153)
#6: 楊祖雲指法 (Yang Zuyun fingerings; V/155)
#7: 成玉磵指法 (Cheng Yujian fingerings ; V/157)
#8: 諸家指法拾遺 (Many peoples' fingerings combined; V/160)
#9: 釋指 (Explaining fingerings: "彈琴用指左右手...."; V/161)
#10: 手勢 (Hand influences: "古者手勢所象本蔡五弄...."; V/161)
#11: 指法 (Finger methods: "傳云譬如琴瑟雖有...."; V/162)
#12: 輪指法 (Discussing finger methods: "夫扣無聲而得指曰宮...."; V/162)
#13: 唐陳拙指法 (Chen Zhuo fingerings; V/162-177!)

Compare Taiyin Daquanji, Folio 5 (QQJC I/89-102)

Folio 9   指法手勢圖 Finger Technique Illustrations (V/179-197; pdf, after Folio 8)

(37 entries)
  - Finger names illustration
  - Putting on strings, seating illustration
  - Putting on strings, using the hand illustration
  - Plucking a string hand illustration
  - 33 double illustrations showing hand illustrations and their symbolic representations

See this comment with the 33 similar illustrations in Taiyin Daquanji.

Folio 10 彈琴 Playing the Qin (V/197-213)

(42 entries on different aspects of playing)
#27 (201-2) has
Qi Song, Xue Yijian, Liu Ji and Zhao Xikuang, Lun Tan Qin
#31 is Cheng Yujian's Qin Lun (see QSCB, 6.C.); (V/204-7)
#42 begins a section called 琴事 Qin Matters (V/208-210)
#43 is called 琴舞 Qin Wu (Qin and Dance; V/208)

Folio 11 曲調上 Melodies, Part 1 (V/213-249)

(87 entries; first 18 are general essays; #7 - #12 begin, "Qinlü Fawei says"
#19: 琴操 Qin Cao [V/223; not the famous one]
#21-87: titled melodies with explanations and lyrics from a variety of sources)

Folio 12 曲調下 Melodies, Part 2 (V/249-279)

(82 entries: titled melodies as in Folio 11)

Folio 13 曲調拾遺 Melody Addenda (V/279-297)

(The ToC at V/12 has 9 subtitles for this folio. However, there is no subtitle for the first half (V/277-285), which is 5 collections of lyrics for melodies; the 9 subtitles are for lists of melody titles. Many of the melodies were already discussed in Folios 11 and 12.)

Folio 14 歷代彈琴聖賢上 Sagely Qin Players throughout History, Part 1 (V/297-323)
              - Folio 15 and 16 include 201 biographical entries. This includes
                all 146 from Qin Shi (mostly identical), 12 from Qin Shi Bu (not identical), and 42 furher.

(115 Biographical essays, 91 from Qin Shi, 8 from Qinshi Bu)

Folio 15 歷代彈琴聖賢下 Sagely Qin Players throughout History, Part 2 (V/323-346)

(86 further biographical essays, 56 from Qin Shi [one is split in two], 4 from Qinshi Bu.
It ends with the categories Immortals, Daoists, Monks, and Ladies.)

Folio 16 記載 Written Records (V/346-374)

(66 literary records that mention the qin)

Folio 17 雜錄 Miscellaneous Accounts (V/374-388)

(58 entries/fables + a 琴諭 Qin Proclamation [?])

Folio 18 琴文 Qin Writings (V/388-418)

This section has 85 entries; it includes both prose and poetry:

01-28 Rhapsodies (賦 Fu)
29       Ode (頌 Song)
30-44 Praise (贊 Zan)
45-60 Inscriptions (銘 Ming)
61-65 Miscellaneous?
66-78 Prefaces (序 Xu)
79-81 Records (記 Ji)
82       Chronicle (志 Zhi)
83       Biography (傳 Zhuan)
84       Proclamation (諭 Yu)
85       Writings (書 Shu?)

Folio 19 詩上 Poems, Part 1 (V/418-444)

詠琴六十六首 66 Declamations on the Qin (I count only 64; V/418-424)
聽琴一百六十三 163 Poems about Listening to a Qin (V/424-443)

Folio 20 詩下 Poems, Part 2 (V/444-469)

彈琴七十九首 79 Poems about Playing a Qin
雜詠一百五十二首 152 Poems with Miscellaneous Narration
Two commentaries on the poems:
評古琴詩 Analysis of Old Qin poems (V/467)
評古今琴詩 Analysis of Qin Poems Old and New (V/468)

Folio 21 琴譜 Qin Tablature (V/469-504)

附言 Attached commentary by 蔣克謙 Jiang Keqian (V/467)
Melody List (for Folios 21 and 22)
35 melodies in gong, shang and zhi modes)

Folio 22 琴譜 Qin Tablature (V/504-533)

(27 melodies in other modes)

End (V/533-534)

趙鵬程跋 Afterword by Zhao Pengcheng

Footnotes (Shorthand references are explained on a
separate page)

1. Table of Contents
Further information in the Preface. (V/...) refers to page numbers in Vol. V of the 2010 edition of Qinqu Jicheng.

2.胡琴 Huqin Image of huqin (expand)    
The full page as laid out in QQJC V/123 (top half) actually shows two bowed lutes: 奚琴 xiqin as well as the huqin. The text (not yet fully translated) identifies both of them as nomad music instruments. Regarding the huqin, it says a woman in the court of 唐文宗 Tang emperor Wenzong (ruled 827-841) enjoyed playing it, and that it had two strings of horsehair plus a dragon head image on top.

Return to the annotated handbook list or to the Guqin ToC.